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Stakeholder with interests in the risk and/or benefit assessment of Genetically Modified Organisms (GMO’s) are invited to take part in an online survey.

The aim of this survey is to identify which research needs should be prioritised, thereby contributing to the commissioning of research on the health, environment and economic impacts of GMOs.

The survey will close on 15th July 2015.

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News

Brazil: First commercial approval for genetically modified insects


In April 2014, Brazil became the first country worldwide to approve genetically modified insects. The insects in question are tiger mosquitoes whose offspring are incapable of surviving. The aim in releasing these insects is to decimate mosquito populations that carry the potentially lethal dengue fever.


Egypt tiger mosquitos (Aedes aegypti)

Oxitec reported that the mosquito population in the Cayman Islands decreased by more than 80 percent after the release of 3.3 million GM mosquitoes in 2009 on several controlled test sites.

Photo: James Gathany, CDC, PHIL

In Brazil, experimental releases have been conducted since 2011 with a genetically modified Egyptian tiger mosquito (Aedes aegypti) developed by the British company Oxitec. The Egyptian tiger mosquito, also known as the yellow fever mosquito, carries dengue fever, a disease that is spreading rapidly around the world and for which there is no vaccine or cure. In its most severe forms it can lead to shock, coma or death. Brazil has one of the world’s highest rates of infection and disease with about 1.4 million cases of illness in 2013.

Oxitec has developed a new strategy in the fight against insects that carry diseases or damage crops: genes are transferred to the insects that ensure that their offspring die at the larval stage. The idea is that when the wild species mate with the GM insects their populations will decline.  

The previous experimental releases led to a considerable reduction in wild Aedes aegypti populations. In one region the population decreased to about a fifth of its original size within six months following the release of the GM mosquitoes.

In the USA it is highly likely that the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) will approve experimental releases of the genetically modified Aedes aegypti mosquitoes in the near future. In 2009 there was an outbreak of dengue fever in Florida and there is concern of a further spread.

 

Further information:

 

 


An EU Research Project

What are the risks of growing GM crops?

What are the benefits?

Numerous studies have addressed the potential impacts of genetically modified (GM) plants. Yet the existing evidence on the effects of GM plants is often contradictory and the quality of scientific research varies widely.

Therefore, the GRACE project will establish new tools for assessing the quality of existing studies and will conduct comprehensive reviews to identify health, environmental and socio-economic impacts of GM plants.

More information


Videos:

GMO Soybeans & Sustainability

Less soil erosion and fuel consumption: herbicide tolerant soybeans are promoting sustainable cultivation methods.

 

Glyphosate in European agriculture

Interview with a farmer



Glyphosate containing herbicides are not only used in fields with GM crops. They also allow conventional farmers to sow directly into stubble fields without ploughing. Glyphosate has replaced mechanical weed control in many crops and has had an important impact on agricultural practices and crop yields in Europe over the past few decades.

Source:
European Glyphosate Task Force

Animation: The Authorisation Process in Motion!
Applying, consulting, and making a decision: The long and winding road to GMO authorisation in EU
start animation
 Biosafety research:

Impact of Bt maize on
insect communities


Impact of Bt maize on
honey bees

More videos

April 30, 2014 [nach oben springen]

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