GMO COMPASS - Information on genetically modified organisms
  Mar 27, 2017 | 4:54 am
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Stakeholder input wanted: survey on research needs for assessing GMO impacts 

Shaping the Future of GMO Research

Stakeholder with interests in the risk and/or benefit assessment of Genetically Modified Organisms (GMO’s) are invited to take part in an online survey.

The aim of this survey is to identify which research needs should be prioritised, thereby contributing to the commissioning of research on the health, environment and economic impacts of GMOs.

The survey will close on 15th July 2015.

More information and access to the online survey

The setting-up of this website was financially supported by the European Union within the European Commission’s Sixth Framework Programme from 1 January 2005 until 28 February 2007.

The European Commission and other EU agencies are not responsible for the content.
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Processed Foods:
GMOs Working Behind the Scenes

For the most part, foods in European supermarkets are not genetically modified. But that doesn't mean genetic engineering doesn't play a role in the production of the food we eat each day.

At a Glance

An overview of the possible uses of genetic engineering in various types of foods along with their labelling requirements



Bread and Baked Goods

Wheat, rye, and barley - Cereal production around the world is free of genetically modified plants. This means all flour used to make bread is "GM-free". Nonetheless, many of today's baked goods are made with help of genetic engineering.



Chocolate, Sweets, and Ice Cream

Chocolate or biscuits, sweets or ice cream - most of our sweet snacks are made with the help of genetic engineering. However, GM content from genetically modified crops is kept below labelling thresholds, and certain additives made with GM microorganisms do not require labelling.



Meat and Sausage

The livestock used to produce meat, eggs, and milk are not genetically modified themselves - a fact that is not going to change in the near future. The processing of these products, on the other hand, sometimes puts genetically modified organisms to work.



Dairy Products

Milk, cheeses, and egg products may contain ingredients and additives that were produced from genetically modified microorganisms. Hard cheeses contain an enzyme produced by GM microorganisms that would otherwise have to be collected from the stomachs of calves.



Beverages: Beer, Wine, Juice, Soft Drinks

Many of our beverages are based on plant ingredients. Neither the plants themselves, nor the yeasts used in alcoholic fermentation are genetically modified. Nonetheless, the use of enzymes produced with the help of genetically modified microorganisms is widespread.



Animal Feed

Animal feeds are often made from genetically modified plants. Oftentimes, they are also mixed with additives and enzymes that were produced with the help of genetically modified microorganisms. Although the animal feed itself is subjected to labelling requirements, milk, eggs, and meat produced from animals fed with GM feed do not require labelling. GM feed does not affect the quality of these products.



An EU Research Project

What are the risks of growing GM crops?

What are the benefits?

Numerous studies have addressed the potential impacts of genetically modified (GM) plants. Yet the existing evidence on the effects of GM plants is often contradictory and the quality of scientific research varies widely.

Therefore, the GRACE project will establish new tools for assessing the quality of existing studies and will conduct comprehensive reviews to identify health, environmental and socio-economic impacts of GM plants.

More information


GMO Soybeans & Sustainability

Less soil erosion and fuel consumption: herbicide tolerant soybeans are promoting sustainable cultivation methods.


Glyphosate in European agriculture

Interview with a farmer

Glyphosate containing herbicides are not only used in fields with GM crops. They also allow conventional farmers to sow directly into stubble fields without ploughing. Glyphosate has replaced mechanical weed control in many crops and has had an important impact on agricultural practices and crop yields in Europe over the past few decades.

European Glyphosate Task Force

 GM Crops: Specific Information and Future Projects
December 4, 2006 [nach oben springen]

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