GMO COMPASS - Information on genetically modified organisms
  Jul 28, 2014 | 2:20 pm
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Processed Foods:
GMOs Working Behind the Scenes


For the most part, foods in European supermarkets are not genetically modified. But that doesn't mean genetic engineering doesn't play a role in the production of the food we eat each day.

At a Glance

An overview of the possible uses of genetic engineering in various types of foods along with their labelling requirements

overview

 

Bread and Baked Goods

Wheat, rye, and barley - Cereal production around the world is free of genetically modified plants. This means all flour used to make bread is "GM-free". Nonetheless, many of today's baked goods are made with help of genetic engineering.

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Chocolate, Sweets, and Ice Cream

Chocolate or biscuits, sweets or ice cream - most of our sweet snacks are made with the help of genetic engineering. However, GM content from genetically modified crops is kept below labelling thresholds, and certain additives made with GM microorganisms do not require labelling.

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Meat and Sausage

The livestock used to produce meat, eggs, and milk are not genetically modified themselves - a fact that is not going to change in the near future. The processing of these products, on the other hand, sometimes puts genetically modified organisms to work.

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Dairy Products

Milk, cheeses, and egg products may contain ingredients and additives that were produced from genetically modified microorganisms. Hard cheeses contain an enzyme produced by GM microorganisms that would otherwise have to be collected from the stomachs of calves.

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Beverages: Beer, Wine, Juice, Soft Drinks

Many of our beverages are based on plant ingredients. Neither the plants themselves, nor the yeasts used in alcoholic fermentation are genetically modified. Nonetheless, the use of enzymes produced with the help of genetically modified microorganisms is widespread.

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Animal Feed

Animal feeds are often made from genetically modified plants. Oftentimes, they are also mixed with additives and enzymes that were produced with the help of genetically modified microorganisms. Although the animal feed itself is subjected to labelling requirements, milk, eggs, and meat produced from animals fed with GM feed do not require labelling. GM feed does not affect the quality of these products.

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An EU Research Project

What are the risks of growing GM crops?

What are the benefits?

Numerous studies have addressed the potential impacts of genetically modified (GM) plants. Yet the existing evidence on the effects of GM plants is often contradictory and the quality of scientific research varies widely.

Therefore, the GRACE project will establish new tools for assessing the quality of existing studies and will conduct comprehensive reviews to identify health, environmental and socio-economic impacts of GM plants.

More information

 GM Crops: Specific Information and Future Projects
Soybean
Maize
Rapeseed
Cotton
Wheat
Potato
Rice
December 4, 2006 [nach oben springen]

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