GMO COMPASS - Information on genetically modified organisms
  Nov 25, 2015 | 11:12 am
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Stakeholder input wanted: survey on research needs for assessing GMO impacts 

Shaping the Future of GMO Research

Stakeholder with interests in the risk and/or benefit assessment of Genetically Modified Organisms (GMO’s) are invited to take part in an online survey.

The aim of this survey is to identify which research needs should be prioritised, thereby contributing to the commissioning of research on the health, environment and economic impacts of GMOs.

The survey will close on 15th July 2015.

More information and access to the online survey

The setting-up of this website was financially supported by the European Union within the European Commission’s Sixth Framework Programme from 1 January 2005 until 28 February 2007.

The European Commission and other EU agencies are not responsible for the content.
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Fruits and Vegetables:
No GMOs in the EU

No genetically modified fruit or vegetables are on the market in the EU; none of the GM plants currently authorised in the EU are intended for direct consumption.

Nevertheless, genetic engineering has become standard practice when it comes to research and crop improvement. Researchers are trying to understand the complexities of gene function, which could allow them to give plants important new traits. Ongoing projects are working on giving plants resistance to problematic pests and diseases.

Genetically modified fruits and vegetables are still quite a long way from commercial use in the EU.

Genetically modified tomatoes: Nowhere to be found

Many consumers think genetically modified tomatoes are lurking in grocery stores. GM tomatoes never received authorisation in the EU. They have even disappeared from the market in the United States.



GM papayas: Triumph over a costly virus

Most of Hawaii's papaya crop is genetically modified. These papayas are resistant to a widespread viral disease. GM papayas are not authorised in the EU.



Apples: Engineering instead of spraying?

Genetically modified apples are still a long way from being approved. Even field trials are still few and far between. Nevertheless, genetic engineering could hold new opportunities for getting rid of disease problems that are spreading throughout orchards in Europe.



Bananas: An endangered species?

Bananas reproduce by cloning themselves. This makes them very susceptible to diseases like Black Sigatoka. Conventional plant breeding has not been able to come up with disease resistant varities of the most popular types of bananas. Many are setting their hopes on genetic engineering.



Wine grapes: GM wine not in the forecast

In the mid-19th century, several new plant diseases made their way to Europe. Europe's traditional vine varieties turned out to be very vulnerable to these new pathogens. Genetic engineering gives plant breeders new ways of developing resistant varieties. Rapid success, however, is not to be expected.



An EU Research Project

What are the risks of growing GM crops?

What are the benefits?

Numerous studies have addressed the potential impacts of genetically modified (GM) plants. Yet the existing evidence on the effects of GM plants is often contradictory and the quality of scientific research varies widely.

Therefore, the GRACE project will establish new tools for assessing the quality of existing studies and will conduct comprehensive reviews to identify health, environmental and socio-economic impacts of GM plants.

More information


GMO Soybeans & Sustainability

Less soil erosion and fuel consumption: herbicide tolerant soybeans are promoting sustainable cultivation methods.


Glyphosate in European agriculture

Interview with a farmer

Glyphosate containing herbicides are not only used in fields with GM crops. They also allow conventional farmers to sow directly into stubble fields without ploughing. Glyphosate has replaced mechanical weed control in many crops and has had an important impact on agricultural practices and crop yields in Europe over the past few decades.

European Glyphosate Task Force

Animation: The Authorisation Process in Motion!

Applying, consulting, and making a decision: The long and winding road to GMO authorisation in the EU
start animation
December 8, 2006 [nach oben springen]

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