GMO COMPASS - Information on genetically modified organisms
  Sep 16, 2014 | 6:52 am
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Fruits and Vegetables:
No GMOs in the EU


No genetically modified fruit or vegetables are on the market in the EU; none of the GM plants currently authorised in the EU are intended for direct consumption.

Nevertheless, genetic engineering has become standard practice when it comes to research and crop improvement. Researchers are trying to understand the complexities of gene function, which could allow them to give plants important new traits. Ongoing projects are working on giving plants resistance to problematic pests and diseases.

Genetically modified fruits and vegetables are still quite a long way from commercial use in the EU.

Genetically modified tomatoes: Nowhere to be found

Many consumers think genetically modified tomatoes are lurking in grocery stores. GM tomatoes never received authorisation in the EU. They have even disappeared from the market in the United States.

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GM papayas: Triumph over a costly virus

Most of Hawaii's papaya crop is genetically modified. These papayas are resistant to a widespread viral disease. GM papayas are not authorised in the EU.

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Apples: Engineering instead of spraying?

Genetically modified apples are still a long way from being approved. Even field trials are still few and far between. Nevertheless, genetic engineering could hold new opportunities for getting rid of disease problems that are spreading throughout orchards in Europe.

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Bananas: An endangered species?

Bananas reproduce by cloning themselves. This makes them very susceptible to diseases like Black Sigatoka. Conventional plant breeding has not been able to come up with disease resistant varities of the most popular types of bananas. Many are setting their hopes on genetic engineering.

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Wine grapes: GM wine not in the forecast

In the mid-19th century, several new plant diseases made their way to Europe. Europe's traditional vine varieties turned out to be very vulnerable to these new pathogens. Genetic engineering gives plant breeders new ways of developing resistant varieties. Rapid success, however, is not to be expected.

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An EU Research Project

What are the risks of growing GM crops?

What are the benefits?

Numerous studies have addressed the potential impacts of genetically modified (GM) plants. Yet the existing evidence on the effects of GM plants is often contradictory and the quality of scientific research varies widely.

Therefore, the GRACE project will establish new tools for assessing the quality of existing studies and will conduct comprehensive reviews to identify health, environmental and socio-economic impacts of GM plants.

More information

Animation: The Authorisation Process in Motion!

Applying, consulting, and making a decision: The long and winding road to GMO authorisation in the EU
start animation
December 8, 2006 [nach oben springen]

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