GMO COMPASS - Information on genetically modified organisms
  Mar 30, 2017 | 10:54 am
Site Search

Searches all of GMO-Compass in an instant

Stakeholder input wanted: survey on research needs for assessing GMO impacts 

Shaping the Future of GMO Research

Stakeholder with interests in the risk and/or benefit assessment of Genetically Modified Organisms (GMO’s) are invited to take part in an online survey.

The aim of this survey is to identify which research needs should be prioritised, thereby contributing to the commissioning of research on the health, environment and economic impacts of GMOs.

The survey will close on 15th July 2015.

More information and access to the online survey

The setting-up of this website was financially supported by the European Union within the European Commission’s Sixth Framework Programme from 1 January 2005 until 28 February 2007.

The European Commission and other EU agencies are not responsible for the content.
See what’s what.
The GMO Food Database
The GMO Food Database.
You want to know for which food products or plants gene technology plays a role?

Then enter here the name of a plant, foodstuff, ingredient or additive:

Database search
All database entries in overview:
Ingredients and additives
Additives according to E numbers

Please note that the GMO Compass Database currently is being expanded and updated. Please check back for new entries.

Sign up to receive regular updates on GM food quality and safety.
To change or cancel your subscription, please enter your email above.
Comments, suggestions or questions?
Please contact us at
Change font size
1 2 3



Right now, no genetically modified wheat is being grown anywhere in the world. Plans to introduce GM wheat in North America were abandoned in 2004. Nevertheless, scientists are still exploring ways of improving wheat using genetic engineering.

In 2002, Monsanto, the world's leading agro-biotech enterprise, submitted an application to the United States and Canada for the approval of an herbicide resistant, genetically modified wheat cultivar. Two years later, Monsanto withdrew its application.

Bild vergrößern

Still no genetically modified wheat: Wheat is hugely important in the world's food supply. About 600 million tonnes of wheat are produced each year. That adds up to 90 kg for every person on earth.

Bild vergrößern

Fungal diseases in wheat: Fusarium infection doesn't only cause yield losses. It also contaminates grains with dangerous mycotoxins.


Many farmers feared that their products would be rejected by markets in Europe and Asia, where views toward GMOs are more skeptical. Concerns about export markets overpowered potential advantages offered by herbicide resistance. According to Monsanto, herbicide resistant wheat would lead to reductions in herbicide use corresponding to reduced expenditures on machines and labor. Monsanto predicted profit increases of five to fifteen percent.

Poisonous Fusarium infestations: New solutions with genetic engineering?

Septoria, Fusarium, and common bunt are fungal diseases that often cause problems for wheat growers. These fungal diseases can spread rapidly when conditions are mild and moist.

One disease that poses particularly serious problems is Fusarium. Infected ears will either fail to produce grains or will produce grains that are small and stunted. Problems with Fusarium, however, don’t end there. A crop affected by Fusarium infection can also contain dangerous substances that can impact the health of humans and livestock.

Certain strains of Fusarium produce mycotoxins. Mycotoxins is a general term for poisonous compounds produced by fungi, which are thought to protect germinating spores from microbial infection. Mycotoxins remain in food during processing and can lead to chronic and acute diseases. In high concentrations, they can cause nausea and vomiting. Certain Fusarium toxins are implicated in cancer and have been known to affect hormonal balances.

Right now, there is no efficient way of stopping Fusarium infection. Although management strategies using resistant cultivars, crop rotation, and chemical fungicides are helpful, they are still not enough to stop the disease when conditions are conducive to infection. Fusarium is responsible for yield losses and mycotoxin contamination in wheat grown around the world.

Genetic engineering opens the door to new strategies for managing Fusarium and other fungal diseases. Scientists are currently developing genetic approaches to conferring resistance to fungal diseases and are testing their effectiveness on wheat. Field trials are underway in many countries, including countries in Europe, to find out if experimental GM wheat plants are actually resistant to fungal infection and thereby produce grains won’t be laden with dangerous mycotoxins.


An EU Research Project

What are the risks of growing GM crops?

What are the benefits?

Numerous studies have addressed the potential impacts of genetically modified (GM) plants. Yet the existing evidence on the effects of GM plants is often contradictory and the quality of scientific research varies widely.

Therefore, the GRACE project will establish new tools for assessing the quality of existing studies and will conduct comprehensive reviews to identify health, environmental and socio-economic impacts of GM plants.

More information


GMO Soybeans & Sustainability

Less soil erosion and fuel consumption: herbicide tolerant soybeans are promoting sustainable cultivation methods.


Glyphosate in European agriculture

Interview with a farmer

Glyphosate containing herbicides are not only used in fields with GM crops. They also allow conventional farmers to sow directly into stubble fields without ploughing. Glyphosate has replaced mechanical weed control in many crops and has had an important impact on agricultural practices and crop yields in Europe over the past few decades.

European Glyphosate Task Force

Environmental Safety: Crop Specific Information
Sugar beet
December 4, 2008 [nach oben springen]

© 2017 by GMO Compass. All rights reserved. | Imprint | website created by webmotive