GMO COMPASS - Information on genetically modified organisms
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Research Fungal and nematode resistance, modified product quality
Field trials EU 3
USA 13
Approval None
Perspectives No commercial utilisation of GM carrots is envisioned at present.



Carrots are grown worldwide in regions with a moderate to subtropical climate. In 2005, 23.9 million tons were harvested. The main producing countries are China, Russia, and the USA. In Europe, carrots are mainly cultivated in Poland, England, Italy and Germany.



Carrots are rich in dietary fibres, minerals and fat-soluble beta-carotene, the precursor of vitamin A (retinol). Carrots owe their characteristic aroma to certain ethereal oils.

Carrots are consumed as:


Gene technology: aims of research and development

Agronomic traits

Resistance against pathogens

Resistance to pests

  • Nematode resistance

Weed control

Quality traits

  • Conservation of the firm consistency of sliced packed products, improved nutrient quality

  • Increased calcium content

Renewable primary products

Production of pharmaceutically active substances


Field trials with GM carrots

Applications 3
Countries Netherlands
Period 1993-1999
Traits Fungal resistance, modified product quality
USA 13
Period 1993-2001


 GMO Database
GM Food and Feed: Authorization in the EU
GMO Database: Contains information on every GM plant that has been approved or is awaiting authorisation in the EU.
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