GMO COMPASS - Information on genetically modified organisms
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Cabbage

 

(Cauliflower, broccoli, white cabbage, etc.)

 

 
Research Herbicide resistance, male sterility, insect resistance
Field trials EU 8
USA 24, in other countries
Approval None
Perspectives No commercial use of GM cabbage sorts is expected at present.

 

Cultivation

The different forms of cabbage, such as cauliflower, broccoli, white cabbage, green cabbage, red cabbage, savoy cabbage, pointed cabbage, sprouts and kohlrabi (cabbage turnip) all originate from wild cabbage (Brassica oleracea). Cabbage is grown worldwide in regions with moderate to tropical climates. China is by far the main source of cabbage, producing 34 million tons in 2005, representing half of the world's harvest. Other important producing countries are India. Russia, the Korean Republic, Japan, the USA, Ukraine and Poland.

Utilisation

Cabbage is consumed as:

  • a vegetable, vegetable products, salad

 

Gene technology: aims of research and development

In the databanks for field trials of genetically modified plants the various forms of cabbage are mostly not differentiated.

Agronomic traits

Weed control

Resistance to pests

Plant development

  • Male sterility to help in the breeding of hybrids (high-yield breeds); often in combination with herbicide tolerance

Quality traits

 

Field trials with GM cabbage

EU
Applications 8
Countries Finland 1 (broccoli, white cabbage, cauliflower), The Netherlands 2 (white cabbage), Belgium 5 (cauliflower)
Period 1992-1999
Traits Herbicide tolerance, male sterility, insect resistance, modified protein composition, delayed maturity
Worldwide
USA 24
Period 1994-2007
other countries Canada (broccoli 1996/97), New Zealand (round cabbage, curly kale, broccoli, cauliflower), Japan (cauliflower, broccoli), China, India (cauliflower, round cabbage)

 

 GMO Database
 
GM Food and Feed: Authorization in the EU
GMO Database: Contains information on every GM plant that has been approved or is awaiting authorisation in the EU.
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