GMO COMPASS - Information on genetically modified organisms
  Mar 25, 2017 | 6:52 am
Site Search

Searches all of GMO-Compass in an instant

Stakeholder input wanted: survey on research needs for assessing GMO impacts 

Shaping the Future of GMO Research

Stakeholder with interests in the risk and/or benefit assessment of Genetically Modified Organisms (GMO’s) are invited to take part in an online survey.

The aim of this survey is to identify which research needs should be prioritised, thereby contributing to the commissioning of research on the health, environment and economic impacts of GMOs.

The survey will close on 15th July 2015.

More information and access to the online survey

The setting-up of this website was financially supported by the European Union within the European Commission’s Sixth Framework Programme from 1 January 2005 until 28 February 2007.

The European Commission and other EU agencies are not responsible for the content.
See what’s what.
The GMO Food Database
The GMO Food Database.
You want to know for which food products or plants gene technology plays a role?

Then enter here the name of a plant, foodstuff, ingredient or additive:

Database search
All database entries in overview:
Ingredients and additives
Additives according to E numbers

Please note that the GMO Compass Database currently is being expanded and updated. Please check back for new entries.

Sign up to receive regular updates on GM food quality and safety.
To change or cancel your subscription, please enter your email above.
Comments, suggestions or questions?
Please contact us at
Change font size
1 2 3



Research Herbicide tolerance, insect resistance, reduced caffeine content
Field trials EU 1
USA, India
Approval None
Perspectives The commercial use of GM coffee cannot be expected in the foreseeable future.



Coffee, originally from Ethiopia, is cultivated today mostly in tropical and sub-tropical regions of the world. In 2005, Brazil, the leader in coffee production, harvested 2.18 million tonnes of coffee, which represents almost a third of global production. Coffee is grown on more than ten million hectares world wide. Losses are due primarily to pests and weeds.

There are numerous types of coffee.

The following are commercially important:

  • Robusta (Coffea canephora), a hardy variety from central Africa that grows well in a tropical climate

  • Arabica (Coffea arabica), a more delicate variety from higher regions



Coffee is used to prepare the beverage of the same name. The roasted and ground beans are steeped in water. The main importers of coffee are the USA followed by Germany, France and Italy. The highest per-capita consumption of coffee is found in Finland and Sweden.


Gene technology: aims in research and development

Agronomic traits

Weed management

Resistance to pests

Adaptation to factors of climate and location

  • resistance to drought and cold

Quality traits

Modified composition of contents

  • The reduction of caffeine content by the suppression of the gene that is responsible for the formation of caffeine (antisense orientation) or through the transfer of a gene from a bacterium that breaks down caffeine

Plant development

  • delay of ripening through the reduction of ethylene production by the coffee plant

  • yield enhancement

Field trials with GM coffee

Applications 1
Countries France
Period 1998
Traits Herbicide tolerance, insect resistance
Period 1999
Other countries India


An EU Research Project

What are the risks of growing GM crops?

What are the benefits?

Numerous studies have addressed the potential impacts of genetically modified (GM) plants. Yet the existing evidence on the effects of GM plants is often contradictory and the quality of scientific research varies widely.

Therefore, the GRACE project will establish new tools for assessing the quality of existing studies and will conduct comprehensive reviews to identify health, environmental and socio-economic impacts of GM plants.

More information


GMO Soybeans & Sustainability

Less soil erosion and fuel consumption: herbicide tolerant soybeans are promoting sustainable cultivation methods.


Glyphosate in European agriculture

Interview with a farmer

Glyphosate containing herbicides are not only used in fields with GM crops. They also allow conventional farmers to sow directly into stubble fields without ploughing. Glyphosate has replaced mechanical weed control in many crops and has had an important impact on agricultural practices and crop yields in Europe over the past few decades.

European Glyphosate Task Force

 GMO Database
GM Food and Feed: Authorization in the EU
GMO Database: Contains information on every GM plant that has been approved or is awaiting authorisation in the EU.
Advanced Search
November 5, 2007 [nach oben springen]

© 2017 by GMO Compass. All rights reserved. | Imprint | website created by webmotive