GMO COMPASS - Information on genetically modified organisms
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Peanut

 

 
Research  Resistance to fungi and viruses, allergen potential
Field trials USA 52
in additional countries
Approvals None
Perspective The commercial use of GM peanuts is intended in the USA, China and India.

 

Cultivation

The peanut grows in tropical, subtropical and temperate warm climate regions. This bean type is primarily cultivated in India, China, the USA and Nigeria. In 2008, about 38,2 million tons were produced globally.

 

Utilisation

The peanut has a high nutritional value with a protein content of 25 per cent. With 180 mg magnesium per 100g peanuts, they belong to the food products rich in magnesium.

The peanut is consumed or processed into:

  • salty snacks
  • spreads, such as peanut butter
  • groundnut oil, peanut oil (vegetable oils)
  • animal feed (the seeds as well as the greens)

 

Gene technology: aims in research and development

Agronomic traits

Disease resistance

  • Fungal resistance: resistance to fungal pathogens such as Sclerotinia or Aspergillus flavus.
    Under special storage conditions, Aspergillus can infest peanuts. In this manner, the peanut may become contaminated with aflatoxin, a potent toxin.

  • Viral resistance: resistance to various viruses such as the  Peanut Clump Virus (PCV)

Pest resistance

Weed management

Adaptation to climate and location factors

  • In Süd-Afrika wurden gv-Erdnüsse mit einer Trockentoleranz im Freiland getestet. Within the scope of a corporate/ research project, India and Japan aim towards the development a genetically modified peanut that needs less water and can grow in salty soil.

Plant development

  • Earnings increase/ economies of scale

Quality traits

Modified composition of ingredients

Enrichment with health-promoting ingredients

  • In India, a genetically modified peanut is being developed that contains beta-carotene, which is a preamplifier of vitamin A. Peanuts naturally contain neither beta-carotene nor vitamin A. In many developing and emerging countries, a vitamin A deficiency leads to health problems.

 

Field trials with GM peanuts

World wide
USA 52
Period 1993-2010
Traits Resistance to viruses, fungi and insects, herbicide tolerance, drought tolerance
Additional countries India, China, South Africa

 


An EU Research Project

What are the risks of growing GM crops?

What are the benefits?

Numerous studies have addressed the potential impacts of genetically modified (GM) plants. Yet the existing evidence on the effects of GM plants is often contradictory and the quality of scientific research varies widely.

Therefore, the GRACE project will establish new tools for assessing the quality of existing studies and will conduct comprehensive reviews to identify health, environmental and socio-economic impacts of GM plants.

More information

 GMO Database
 
GM Food and Feed: Authorization in the EU
GMO Database: Contains information on every GM plant that has been approved or is awaiting authorisation in the EU.
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