GMO COMPASS - Information on genetically modified organisms
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Bean

 

 

 
Research Herbicide tolerance, resistance to fungi and viruses.
Field trials USA 8
Brazil, Nigeria, Burkina Faso, Ghana
Approvals None
Perspective A commercial use of GM beans is possible on the mid-term.

 

Cultivation

Plants such as the species known as Phaseolus, Vicia and Vigna are summarized with the term bean. The common bean, Phaseolus vulgaris, also called Fisole in Austria, is cultivated worldwide in temperate warm regions. In the field, the perpendicularly-growing bush bean is predominant; in gardens and greenhouses, the pole bean is predominant.

Species known as Vigna are native to Europe, Asia and Africa. Beside of the cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) a substitute of this species is the adzuki-bean.

The field beanthat belongs to the Vicia species is one of the oldest crops.

 

Utilization

Next to other legumes (lentils, peas, soybean), beans are important protein suppliers in many countries. The immature legumes and the leaves of the common bean are used as food:

  • immature legumes are cooked/steamed as vegetable or lettuce
  • .
  • processed as canned goods and frozen vegetable.
  • from ripe seeds, soups and puree are prepared.
  • the leaves are dried or steamed and used as seasoning.
  • processing of the husks to medicine and tea.

 

Gene technology: Aims of research and development

Agronomic traits

Weed management

Disease resistance

Adaptation to climate and localities

  • heat resistance

 

Field trials with GM common beans

World wide
USA 8*
Period 2006-2009
Traits Herbicide tolerance, fungal resistance
Additional countries Brazil, Nigeria, Burkina Faso, Ghana

* Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) as well as Common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris)


An EU Research Project

What are the risks of growing GM crops?

What are the benefits?

Numerous studies have addressed the potential impacts of genetically modified (GM) plants. Yet the existing evidence on the effects of GM plants is often contradictory and the quality of scientific research varies widely.

Therefore, the GRACE project will establish new tools for assessing the quality of existing studies and will conduct comprehensive reviews to identify health, environmental and socio-economic impacts of GM plants.

More information

 GMO Database
 
GM Food and Feed: Authorization in the EU
GMO Database: Contains information on every GM plant that has been approved or is awaiting authorisation in the EU.
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