GMO COMPASS - Information on genetically modified organisms
  Oct 31, 2014 | 2:22 pm
Site Search
Searches all of GMO-Compass in an instant
The setting-up of this website was financially supported by the European Union within the European Commissionís Sixth Framework Programme from 1 January 2005 until 28 February 2007.

The European Commission and other EU agencies are not responsible for the content.
See whatís what.
The GMO Food Database
The GMO Food Database.
You want to know for which food products or plants gene technology plays a role?

Then enter here the name of a plant, foodstuff, ingredient or additive:

Database search
All database entries in overview:
Plants
Foodstuffs
Ingredients and additives
Additives according to E numbers
Enzymes


Please note that the GMO Compass Database currently is being expanded and updated. Please check back for new entries.

Newsletter
Sign up to receive regular updates on GM food quality and safety.
To change or cancel your subscription, please enter your email above.
Contact
Comments, suggestions or questions?
Please contact us at info@gmo-compass.org
Change font size
1 2 3

Apple

 

 

 
Research Fungal and bacterial resistance, modified quality traits
Field trials EU 10
USA 51
Approval None
Perspectives A commercial use of GM apples is possible on the mid-term.

 

Cultivation

Two kinds of apple trees are differentiated: "Niederstammsorten" (low trunk species ) are commercially cultivated in plantations. "Hochstammsorten" (high trunk species) are found in extensively managed orchards, in which the harvest is lower. The diversity of mostly old species is large.

Apple trees grow mostly in temperate climate zones. The commercial cultivation of apples primarily takes place in Europe, New Zealand, Chile, Argentina and the USA.

 

Utilisation

The fruit is mostly consumed raw or processed to:

 

Gene technology: aims of research and development

Agronomic traits

Resistance against pathogens

  • Fungal resistance: improvement of resistibility towards fungal disease such as apple scab and powdery mildew. Apple scab, the most significant apple disease, is a fungal disease that overwinters in the leaves of the trees.

  • Bacterial resistance to the bacterial disease known as fire blight that has spread throughout European countries in the last 30 years. Fire blight is highly contagious and there are no effective remedies to fight the disease.

Resistance against pests

Qualita traits

Modified content of fruit sugar and alcohols

  • Research of a GM apple that is compatible (modified content of polyphenol; polyphenol binds allergens) with allergy sufferers is being conducted in some countries (USA, Netherlands and Sweden)

  • In the USA experiments with apple trees are taking place whose fruits are not getting brown.

Plant development

  • Modified blossom time

  • Modified ethylene production and therefore delayed maturity

  • Modified rooting

  • Male sterility, parthenocarpy: to reduce the risk of outcrossing, sterility concepts are pursued. Male sterile plants do not develop pollen. Under parthenocarpy, fruits without seeds are produced.

  • Auto fertility: apple is not auto fertile. With auto fertility seeds could be used for cultivation. To date, a specific species has been vegetatively multiplied by grafting it into a bed.

 

Field trials with GM apples

EU
Applications 10
Countries Netherlands 4, Belgium 2, Sweden 3, Germany 1
Period 1989-2010
Traits Fungal and bacterial resistance, modified rooting and flower formation
Worldwide
USA 51
Period 1991-2010
Characteristics modified quality traits, delayed maturity
Other Countries Newseeland

 


An EU Research Project

What are the risks of growing GM crops?

What are the benefits?

Numerous studies have addressed the potential impacts of genetically modified (GM) plants. Yet the existing evidence on the effects of GM plants is often contradictory and the quality of scientific research varies widely.

Therefore, the GRACE project will establish new tools for assessing the quality of existing studies and will conduct comprehensive reviews to identify health, environmental and socio-economic impacts of GM plants.

More information

 GMO Database
 
GM Food and Feed: Authorization in the EU
GMO Database: Contains information on every GM plant that has been approved or is awaiting authorisation in the EU.
Quickjump:
 
Advanced Search
September 2, 2010 [nach oben springen]

© 2014 by GMO Compass. All rights reserved. | Imprint | website created by webmotive