GMO COMPASS - Information on genetically modified organisms
  Sep 2, 2014 | 6:15 am
Site Search
Searches all of GMO-Compass in an instant
The setting-up of this website was financially supported by the European Union within the European Commissionís Sixth Framework Programme from 1 January 2005 until 28 February 2007.

The European Commission and other EU agencies are not responsible for the content.
See whatís what.
The GMO Food Database
The GMO Food Database.
You want to know for which food products or plants gene technology plays a role?

Then enter here the name of a plant, foodstuff, ingredient or additive:

Database search
All database entries in overview:
Plants
Foodstuffs
Ingredients and additives
Additives according to E numbers
Enzymes


Please note that the GMO Compass Database currently is being expanded and updated. Please check back for new entries.

Newsletter
Sign up to receive regular updates on GM food quality and safety.
To change or cancel your subscription, please enter your email above.
Contact
Comments, suggestions or questions?
Please contact us at info@gmo-compass.org
Change font size
1 2 3

Vitamins

 

Description

Vitamins are essential as nutritional components and are indispensable for the maintenance of many metabolic processes.

They cannot be synthesised in the human body and have to be therefore taken up in sufficient amounts from food. An insufficient vitamin supply can lead to deficiency diseases.

Application

  • Various foods and drinks are enriched with vitamins.
  • Vitamins are components of many food supplements, also in: ACE products
  • Some vitamins also play other roles as additives, for example as a colourings (vitamin B2) or antioxidant (vitamin C).
  • Also: supplements in animal feed.

If vitamins are added as supplements to produce a technological effect, they must be declared on the list of ingredients with their generic name and class of additive (e.g. for vitamin C: antioxidant, ascorbic acid and for vitamin B2: colouring, riboflavin).

Gene technology

There are various methods for production of vitamins: chemical synthesis, biotechnological methods with the help of microorganisms, extraction from plants or herbal material.

  • For some vitamins production methods have now been developed that use genetically modified microorganism:
    vitamin B12, vitamin B2, vitamin C, beta-carotene as vitamin A precursor, biotin.
    These methods are used commercially to produce vitamins C, B2, B12 and biotin.
  • Vitamin E can be produced both biotechnically or from soya beans. For extractions from soya beans, it is probable that a certain percentage derives from genetically modified plants.
  • Many vitamins, especially the fat-soluble vitamins A, D, E and K, are attached to carrier molecules for better handling. Gene technological methods can be utilised for producing some of these carriers, e.g. starch, glucose, maltodextrin.
    Carriers are not legally considered to be foodstuffs and do not therefore have to be declared.

Labelling: Additives that are produced in a closed system with the help of genetically modified microorganisms do not have to be declared, providing that the specific additive has been purified and contains no microorganisms.

Vitamins, such as vitamin E, that are prepared directly from GM-plants have to be labelled as such. Whether this is still required when the product has been subjected to several processing steps has not been definitely clarified.

 

December 3, 2004 [nach oben springen]

© 2014 by GMO Compass. All rights reserved. | Imprint | website created by webmotive