GMO COMPASS - Information on genetically modified organisms
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GM plants in the EU in 2009

Field area for Bt maize decreases


The field area for genetically modified plants in the European Union decreased further in 2009.

In France and Germany, national cultivation bans for genetically modified Bt maize (MON810) were enacted in 2009. Both countries have suspended the approval issued according to EU law. In 2008, French farmers sowed Bt maize on approximately 21,000 hectares.

In the meanwhile, stricter co-existence regulations apply in almost all EU member states. As a rule, farmers in all areas must maintain minimal distances to neighbouring conventional fields and register the field area for Bt maize with the responsible authority.

Even in Spain, which still maintains the largest crop area by far of Bt maize in Europe, four per cent less Bt maize was cultivated than in the previous year. However, the cultivation of maize experienced a general decrease in Spain. The proportion of Bt maize in Spanish maize production remained almost unchanged with approximately 22 per cent.

 Cultivation of GM plants in the EU
in hectares
20052006200720082009
Spain53,22553,66775,14879,26976,057
France4925,00021,147--
Czech Republic1501,2905,0008,3806,480
Portugal7501,2504,5004,8515,094
Germany *3429472,6853,171-
Slovakia-309001.900875
Romania**110,000**90,0003507,1463,344
Poland-1003203,0003,000
Total GM maize54,95962,284110,050107,71794,750

Souce: Industrieverband EuropaBio, ISAAA, USDA / Foreign Agriculture Service (2009)

* Source: Site register of the Federal Bureau for Consumer Protection and Food Safety, BVL

** Cultivation of GM soybean

 

Currently, actual farming utilises Bt maize MON810 exclusively. Another GM maize variety (‘event’ T25) is in fact approved for cultivation according to the legal regulations applied to gene technology but is not represented on the market.

 

See also on GMO-Compass:

 


An EU Research Project

What are the risks of growing GM crops?

What are the benefits?

Numerous studies have addressed the potential impacts of genetically modified (GM) plants. Yet the existing evidence on the effects of GM plants is often contradictory and the quality of scientific research varies widely.

Therefore, the GRACE project will establish new tools for assessing the quality of existing studies and will conduct comprehensive reviews to identify health, environmental and socio-economic impacts of GM plants.

More information

Further information
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Crops and Cereals
GM Plants: The Big Four
Soybeans
Maize
Rape Seed
Cotton
Global GM Crop Production in 2009
March 29, 2010 [nach oben springen]

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