GMO COMPASS - Information on genetically modified organisms
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GM Trait Statistics

Transgenic Crops by Trait


Herbicide tolerance continues to be the most common transgenic trait. Herbicide tolerance is available for all of the major GM crops, including soybean, maize, rapeseed, and cotton. In 2005, the first herbicide tolerant sugar beets were approved in the US, Australia, Canada, and the Philippines. Herbicide tolerant rice and wheat already have been developed, but currently are not in use. In 2006, there was wide cultivation of herbicide tolerant alfalfa for the first time in the USA (80,000 hectares). In most cases, tolerance is to the herbicides glyphosate (Roundup) or glufosinate-ammonium (Liberty). Such crops make up 70 percent of the 102.0 million hectares of GM crops worldwide (2006).

 

Global area of genetically engineered crops, 1996 to 2006: By trait (million hectares)
Trait HT IR (Bt) IR/HT VR/Others Total
1996 0.6 1.1 -- <0.1 1.7
1997 6.9 0.4 <0.1 <0.1 11.0
1998 19.8 7.7 0.3 <0.1 27.8
1999 28.1 8.9 2.9 <0.1 39.9
2000 32.7 8.3 3.2 <0.1 44.2
2001 40.6 7.8 4.2 <0.1 52.6
2002 44.2 10.1 4.4 <0.1 58.7
2003 49.7 12.2 5.8 <0.1 67.7
2004 58.6 15.6 6.8 <0.1 81.0
2005 63.7 16.2 10. <0.1 90.0
2006 69.9 19.0 13.1 <0.1 102.0
Source: ISAAA, Clive James, 2006.
 
HT Herbicide tolerance
IR Insect resistance (mostly Bt)
VR Resistance to virus diseases

 

Insect resistance is the second most common genetically modified trait. Herbicide tolerance and insect resistance (Bt) often are introduced simultaneously to a crop in one transformation event. This is called trait stacking. The third most commonly grown transgenic crop was stacked insect resistant/herbicide tolerant maize. Combined herbicide and insect resistance was the fastest growing GM trait from 2004 to 2005, grown on over 6.5 million hectares in the US and Canada and comprising seven percent of the global biotech area. The recent expansion of Bt crops is mainly due to the increasing Bt maize and Bt cotton production in China, India, and Australia.

 

Trait-crop combinations, 1996 to 2005 (million hectares)
Trait IR
maize
HT
maize
IR/HT
maize
IR/HT cotton HT
cotton
IR
cotton
1996 0.3 0.0 -- 0.0 <0.1 0.8
1997 3.0 0.2 -- <0.1 0.4 1.1
1998 7.0 2.0 -- -- -- 1.0
1999 7.5 1.5 2.1 0.8 1.6 1.3
2000 6.8 2.1 1.4 1.7 2.1 1.5
2001 5.9 2.4 2.5 1.9 1.8 2.1
2002 7.7 2.5 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.4
2003 9.1 3.2 3.2 2.6 1.5 3.1
2004 11.2 4.3 3.8 3.0 1.5 4.5
2005 11.3 3.4 6.5 3.6 1.3 4.9
2006 -- -- -- -- -- 3.8
Source: ISAAA, Clive James, 2006.
HT Herbicide tolerance
IR Insect resistance (mostly Bt)
VR Resistance to virus diseases

 

Trait-crop combinations, 1996 to 2005 (million hectares)
Trait IR
potato
HT
alfalfa
HT
Soybean
HT canola/
rapeseed
1996 <0.1 -- 0.5 0.1
1997 <0.1 -- 5.1 1.2
1998 <0.1 -- 15 2.0
1999 -- -- 21.6 3.4
2000 -- -- 25.8 2.8
2001 -- -- 33.3 2.7
2002 -- -- 36.5 3.0
2003 -- -- 41.4 3.6
2004 -- -- 48.4 4.3
2005 -- -- 54.4 4.6
2006 -- <0.1 58.6 4.8
Source: ISAAA, Clive James, 2006.
HT Herbicide tolerance
IR Insect resistance (mostly Bt)
VR Resistance to virus diseases

 

 

 

Crops and Cereals
GM Plants: The Big Four
Soybeans
Maize
Rape Seed
Cotton
Global GM Crop Production in 2013
January 19, 2007 [nach oben springen]

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